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What is a Factor? | Factors
R Introduction: Part I

What is a Factor?

Factor variables are a fundamental concept in statistics and data analysis, often referred to as categorical variables. These variables differ from numerical variables in that they have a limited and fixed set of possible values. Examples of factor variables include blood type, currency, and nationality.

Conversely, variables such as monthly income, height, and price are typically not considered categorical due to their unlimited range of potential values. However, even these can be converted into categorical variables, a process we will explore in later chapters.

Before creating a factor variable, let's first create a vector of currencies:

In fact, a factor is a type of vector. To indicate to R that we are working with factor values, we use the factor() function and pass the relevant vector of values as an argument:

Upon execution, not only is the vector of values output, but we also see a line titled Levels:, which indicates all the distinct (unique) values the factor can take.

Tarefa

Imagine we conducted a survey on blood groups and received 26 responses, which are now stored in the blood vector. Here's what you need to do:

  1. Display the values of the original vector blood.
  2. Convert blood into a factor and assign it to the variable blood_gr.
  3. Display the values of blood_gr.

Tudo estava claro?

Seção 3. Capítulo 1
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R Introduction: Part I

What is a Factor?

Factor variables are a fundamental concept in statistics and data analysis, often referred to as categorical variables. These variables differ from numerical variables in that they have a limited and fixed set of possible values. Examples of factor variables include blood type, currency, and nationality.

Conversely, variables such as monthly income, height, and price are typically not considered categorical due to their unlimited range of potential values. However, even these can be converted into categorical variables, a process we will explore in later chapters.

Before creating a factor variable, let's first create a vector of currencies:

In fact, a factor is a type of vector. To indicate to R that we are working with factor values, we use the factor() function and pass the relevant vector of values as an argument:

Upon execution, not only is the vector of values output, but we also see a line titled Levels:, which indicates all the distinct (unique) values the factor can take.

Tarefa

Imagine we conducted a survey on blood groups and received 26 responses, which are now stored in the blood vector. Here's what you need to do:

  1. Display the values of the original vector blood.
  2. Convert blood into a factor and assign it to the variable blood_gr.
  3. Display the values of blood_gr.

Tudo estava claro?

Seção 3. Capítulo 1
toggle bottom row
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