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Principal Component Analysis

Noise ReductionNoise Reduction

Let's look at the way PCA works, when the algorithm does not act as a data processing stage, but as the main stage. The task of noise reduction in images is just that case. The pipeline in this case looks like this: you load the noisy data into the model, after which you can process other data using PCA and the model will restore that data. How it works? By reducing the number of main components - literally only the most “important” elements of the image remain, i.e. noise will be reduced. We use the USPS dataset with numbers and the scikit-learn library:

Let's add some noise to our images:

Create a PCA model:

Let's see what came of it! Initial noisy images:


And here is the result of PCA work:



Is the PCA method designed to reduce noise in the data?

Select the correct answer

Section 4.

Chapter 4