Have you ever wondered how often you usually use the word probability? It is time to dive deeper into this very familiar term!
Please take a look at the simplest example: imagine that you toss a coin, it is always a 50% chance of getting head or tail. I mean that there are only two possible outcomes, and the probability for each case is 1/2 (1/2 equal to 50 %).
It is time to turn to the definition of the random variable and clarify how we received such numbers.
The random variable is a quantity that equals one and only one value depending on the result of testing result.
Let's assume that X is the random variable with several outcomes (getting head or tail); therefore, we can mark them as x1 and x2.
The formula for calculating the probability is the following:
Let's build a small table for the probability distribution of random variables:
I hope you're interested in learning probability theory now! Here, it would be best to memorize the formula written above and the definition of a random variable.
Indeed, each event can result either in success or failure. For instance, if you have a box with balls colored differently (red or green) and want to put a red one, your event has two outcomes: red ball or not a red ball.
The picture for the task: