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Sum, Difference, Increment, Decrement | Operators
C Basics

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C Basics

# Sum, Difference, Increment, Decrement

### Addition Operator (+)

The + operator adds the values on either side of it.

You can also use variables in place of direct values.

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Note

While some programming languages allow you to concatenate strings using the + operator, like "Hell" + "o" = "Hello", C does not.

### Subtraction Operator (-)

The subtraction operator, -, calculates the difference between the values on either side of it.

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You can also use the - sign to convert positive values to their negative counterparts.

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### Increment Operator (++)

The increment operator, ++, was introduced to simplify code readability.

This operator adds 1 to a value, and it's commonly used in loops. The example above illustrates the most basic use of the operator.

Decrement Operator (--)

Conversely, the decrement operator, --, subtracts 1 from a value:

### Pre vs. Post Increment

Increment and decrement operators come in two forms:

• prefix (++a);
• postfix (a++).

The distinction lies in the values they return:

 Operator Usage Description ++ a++ Increments a by 1 but returns its original value ++ ++a Increments a by 1 and returns its incremented value -- --a Decreases a by 1 and returns its decremented value -- a-- Decreases a by 1 but returns its original value

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If b equals 7, what b++ equals to?

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