1. Introduction to CSS
Effective Work with CSS
CSS variables, also known as CSS custom properties, provide a way to define reusable values throughout our CSS code. By utilizing variables, we can create dynamic and flexible designs that are easier to maintain and update.
To declare a variable, we use the
:root pseudo-class at the top of our CSS file and prefix the variable name with
--. For example, let's define a
--blue-color variable with the value
#3f42f3 in our
Once we have declared a variable, we can apply it to any CSS property using the
var() function. For instance, to assign the
color property of an
<h1> element the value of our
--blue-color variable, we can write:
Let's combine the knowledge of variable declaration and usage in the following example:
In this example, we define two variables,
--text-color, and apply them to the
color properties, respectively. By changing the values of these variables, we can easily update the colors throughout the stylesheet.
Sometimes, we need to override specific properties in CSS to achieve the desired styling. This can be accomplished by declaring a property with the same name within a nested selector and assigning a new value.
Consider the following example of a traffic light with different color signals:
By targeting the specific signal classes, we can fine-tune the color for each signal while maintaining the shared styles defined in the base
In conclusion, CSS variables provide flexibility and maintainability, allowing for dynamic design updates, while overriding properties enables us to fine-tune styles and achieve the desired visual effects.
Everything was clear?