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Additional Statements From The Probability Theory
Now we will understand some fundamental theoretical concepts which are used in solving real live tasks: absolutely continuous and discrete random variables, probability density function, cumulative distribution function, the characteristics of a random variable, etc.
The Limit Theorems of Probability Theory
The limit theorems of probability theory are fundamental laws of probability theory that are often used in practice in a wide variety of areas, such as: building confidence intervals, estimating distribution parameters, providing A/B testings, creating ensembles of ML models, etc. Now we will consider two of the most commonly used: the Law of Large Numbers and the Central Limit Theorem.
Estimation of Population Parameters
When we work with real data we usually do not know from which distribution this data was obtained. In order to determine this, we must be able to correctly estimate the parameters of this distribution and the type of distribution, which we will learn to do in this section.
Testing of Statistical Hypotheses
We have already learned how to estimate the parameters of the population. But to estimate the parameter, we make an assumption about the population distribution. Can we say that our assumption is correct? How do we prove that the estimated parameters are the real parameters of the population? Can we show that two sets of samples are independent? To answer these questions, it is necessary to consider the concept of hypothesis testing.